What is Solana? Guide for Beginners

What is Solana? Guide for Beginners

what is solana used for

In the past years, she came up with many clever ideas that brought scalability, anonymity and more features to the open blockchains. She has a keen interest in topics like Blockchain, NFTs, Defis, etc., and is currently working with 101 Blockchains as a content writer and customer relationship specialist. The final and most crucial highlight is the SOL token or the native currency in the ecosystem. It can serve as the means of payment for running on-chain transactions or validating transactions.

  • This is one reason why Ethereum converted to a proof-of-stake system, reducing energy consumption by 99.9%.
  • Solana is a programmable blockchain that strives to perform high-speed transactions without losing its core feature, decentralisation.
  • They then create the next block of transactions and broadcast this to all the other nodes in the network.
  • To be fair, other promising Ethereum competitors, including Cardano, Polkadot, Dfinity, Terra, Polygon, and Avalanche, have also increased in price tremendously over the past year or so.
  • Proof of History is the pre-consensus clock for the Solana blockchain and helps in network reach consensus on time and sequence of transactions.

The proof-of-history is a decentralized clock that helps secure the blockchain and is one of the eight core innovations of Solana. The tower BFT uses the permissionless clock to accelerate transactions. The transaction parallelization system, Sealevel, enables smart contracts to run simultaneously, by employing the available GPUs and SSDs. Another component of this high-speed blockchain is the turbine protocol, which packs data that requires transferring between the nodes into smaller data packets. Transmitting data in smaller increments helps with the bandwidth issues and increases the network’s processing speed. The PoH is achieved thanks to nodes, as each has its own clock, and it’s the main reason for the network’s efficiency.On the other hand, Bitcoin utilizes the proof-of-work consensus.

Solana vs. Ethereum

Solana’s ambitious design aims to solve the blockchain trilemma; however, it still suffers from various drawbacks such as its vulnerability to centralization. Broadly, it’s important to note that many people who trade cryptocurrency are speculating, often taking fliers in search of explosive growth, rather than investing based on firm high low indicator mt4 theories. But whatever your approach, a guideline is to make crypto holdings a small portion of your overall portfolio — say somewhere around 5% to 10% — much as you would with other concentrated investments like individual stocks. Solana has been used to create NFT applications that allow users to mint and trade digital artwork.

what is solana used for

SHA256 may sound familiar because it is used in Bitcoin’s Proof of Work consensus mechanism. Pipeline in the SOL network is the transaction processing unit that works for optimizing validation. The process involves assigning a stream of input data to different hardware components. As a result, the mechanism can support faster validation and replication of transaction information throughout different nodes in the network.

His main investing interests are technology, blockchain and cryptocurrency. Routledge points out that trying to process transactions quickly usually requires centralization. For example, https://bigbostrade.com/ Visa uses a huge network of computers to keep its processing speed on track. Bitcoin, on the other hand, Routledge says, “processes transactions very slowly” to remain decentralized.


Solana’s leading platforms are the decentralized exchange Serum, the open liquidity mining platform Quarry and the Solana staking platform Marinade Finance. Data from Messari shows that nearly 50% of Solana’s initial token allocation went to insiders, like venture capital firms. Proof-of-history is a method for proving that transactions are in the correct sequence and found by the right leader.

  • A new kind of Ethereum, which is being diligently developed, will consist of an execution layer (previously known as Ethereum 1.0) and a consensus layer (previously Ethereum 2.0).
  • Validators receive rewards when they confirm new blocks of transactions and add them to the blockchain.
  • Unlike other dog coins, Samoyedcoin is not fully community-owned, with the core team reserving a 3.9% allocation.
  • Now, payments giant Visa


    has said it will ramp up its use of Circle’s USDC stablecoin on its network, potentially opening the door to future bitcoin and crypto expansion.

  • The core component of the Solana protocol is proof-of-history, a sequence of computations that provides a digital record that confirms that an event has occurred on the network at any point in time.
  • In November 2021, the price of Solana (SOL) topped at over $248, so it is certainly possible in the future than the price of SOL tokens could be higher than $100.

For those who need a refresher, the proof-of-stake mechanism is a process of transactions for creating new blocks in a blockchain using a system of validators. Most early cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Litecoin, use a proof-of-work algorithm to define the blocks in their chains. Proof of work uses a consensus mechanism that relies upon miners to determine what the next block will be.

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The algorithm is actually a high-frequency Verifiable Delay Function, which requires a certain quantity of sequential steps for evaluation. It holds promise for payments due to its speed, scalability and low transaction costs, helping to make it a good candidate for efficient blockchain settlement rails using stablecoins like USDC. The Solana blockchain network incorporates a number of key features and novel innovations that are worth unpacking for anyone interested in payment technologies.

what is solana used for

This is one reason why Ethereum converted to a proof-of-stake system, reducing energy consumption by 99.9%. Solana (SOL) is a cryptocurrency that was designed to work similarly to and improve upon Ethereum. Named after a small Southern Californian coastal city, Solana is the brainchild of software developer Anatoly Yakovenko. If you’re looking to speculate in Solana or other cryptocurrencies, you can trade them directly or you can invest in the companies that could profit from the growing interest in the sector. Solana rose quickly after being introduced, before tumbling alongside other cryptocurrencies and risky assets as the Federal Reserve started raising interest rates. Early buyers of Solana likely made money, but that’s been more of a challenge in recent months.

Investing in Solana

Solana processes by utilizing a combination of innovative technologies. Its Proof-of-History (PoH) algorithm orders and timestamps transactions, allowing for efficient and parallel transaction processing. The platform also employs a tower consensus model and a system of validators to confirm transactions quickly, resulting in high throughput and low latency.

How to stake Solana

The project supports an array of decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms as well as nonfungible token (NFT) marketplaces. Yakovenko devised a system for validating transactions based on an innovative concept called ‘proof-of-history.’ Proof of history allows blockchain nodes to validate transactions simultaneously. This feature enabled the blockchain network to complete transactions at a faster rate, making it closer to conventional payment systems like VISA. Solana has sometimes been called the Ethereum killer because of the networks super fast transaction speeds (65,000 per second compared to Ethereum’s 30 TPS). Like Ethereum, Solana is is a layer-1 public blockchain, but Solana’s fees are very low compared to Ethereum’s “gas” fees, which can run into hundreds of dollars.

Misbehaving nodes see their stakes slashed and the slashed funds are added to block generation rewards. Yakovenko theorized that timestamping transactions would exponentially increase the scalability of a cryptocurrency blockchain without sacrificing its security or decentralization. He knew it was possible to build since Google and Intel had both implemented similar technologies in their own databases, albeit in a centralized manner. Solana’s revolutionary whitepaper was quietly published in November 2017.

The beta mainnet was launched in March 2020, offering basic transaction capabilities and smart contracts. To do something on the Solana network, you’ll need to buy some SOL, and you’ll have to transfer it to a Solana wallet such as Phantom. Additionally, you can also buy and withdraw some other coins that are supported on the Solana network — USDT is one example, and FTX supports direct withdrawals to Solana addresses.


Solana is a programmable blockchain that strives to perform high-speed transactions without losing its core feature, decentralisation. SOL, the blockchain’s native token, is used for transaction fees and can also be staked. In contrast to other PoS cryptocurrencies, there is no minimum stake required to be a node on the Solana blockchain. For example, Ethereum node operators must stake 32 ETH, which is a considerable amount of money. Naturally, the amount of block rewards you get is proportional to the amount of SOL tokens you have staked on the network. While Leader selection is pseudorandom, the amount of SOL you stake also influences your likelihood of becoming a Leader which actually produces blocks.

Solana is a fourth-generation blockchain, and it comes with all the bells and whistles of its predecessors, along with some more features. These new features allow it to perform fast transactions in a scalable way. Powered by its unique combination of proof of history and what’s referred to as delegated proof-of-stake algorithms, the main problem Solana was attempting to solve was Ethereum’s scalability issues. Delegated proof-of-stake is a variation of the more traditional proof-of-stake algorithm. For verifying transactions, validators receive staking rewards in the form of new coins and take a cut of the rewards as a commission.

The innovative combination of PoS and PoH makes Solana a unique project in the blockchain industry. He also suggests that people thinking about buying any cryptocurrency look at how quickly it is being adopted. Some metrics to examine include the number of active wallets, which are accounts in which users can hold a cryptocurrency, and the number of transactions over time. They can also look at how tokens are distributed to get a sense of the risk for inflation. Birmingham says useful data for these purposes is available online through Solana’s Explorer feature and the site Solana Beach. Supporters describe Solana as a faster and more efficient competitor to crypto powerhouse Ethereum.

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